Monday, February 12, 2018

Finding Grandma Sareigh, an Indian

              “Why is it whenever we get close to the Blue Ridge mountains, we always get lost?  We have got to get paper maps.  We always lose the signal down here and miss a turn.”
              Steve now knows we are lost.  I should be ashamed of myself, but I feel as if I should be able to control this little electronic device that has already provided hundreds of miles of perfect navigation.  I know I should have been looking for the turn, but I am totally dependent on my cell phone when I am in unknown territory. But in the mountains, any type of communication waves ricochet through these mountains like a pool ball in a bar room full of drunks.
              “Oh, shit.  Just go north.  Ohio is north.  How lost can we get?”  I know the answer to that question immediately remembering the time we spent four hours trying to find White Top mountain and finally stopped at the only gas station we had seen all day to find out we had driven up one side, down the other and was now circling the base of the mountain again.  Four hours driving up and down only one mountain. I did not want to add four more hours to our trip today.  We were returning from an exhausting vacation where we had shared one house with our son, his family and an unrelated family that we only casually knew plus various other fourteen-year-old baseball players who families could not make the trip south for the tournament.  The highlight was that they did win the championship.
              “Oh, I got reception again.”
Quickly, I hit Google voice recognition and asked for Charleston, West Virginia.  I got a new route before I lost the signal and now we're already west of Charlotte North Carolina.  We needed to head back east to get to I-77 for the easiest route over the mountains. We made our connection with ease will be home by four o’clock instead of three.  I can now relax.  We know the road from here, and it is my favorite part of the trip.  My people are from the Yadkin Valley, and this gives us beautiful overlooks from the highway. 
Passionate about family history, I love learning about this side of my mother’s family.  A black grandfather in 1654, a free man married a Powhatan Indian, and their son married a white Quaker.  Not bad mixing it up in just two generations.  They were traders from the beginning of being in America and had slowly moved from eastern coastal Virginia, dipped down into the Yadkin valley by the middle of the 1700’s and then further north after the Revolutionary War.  They had been Tories in the Revolution until Col Cleveland hung Old Ned Sizemore, the Tory Indian who was my uncles father-law.  Now, these were wise folks, and they just switched sides and moved deeper into the mountains.
One thing that I know about my husband is that when nature calls, he is going to have to find a place to stop.  We have been to many a strange place because of his bladder.  We had just passed the sign for the Wolf Creek Indian Village when he got the fidgets and much to my delight a state roadside rest was just a few miles ahead.  What a blessing.  When he got back to the car, I asked him if he had seen the sign for Wolf Creek Indian Village and he had not.  He was trying to hold “it” in, and that took all the concentration that he could muster.  I’d like to stop to see that some time. 
“Where is it?” 
“I think it was at the last exit.”
“See if you can get a signal and see how far back it is.”
Mom told me that he reminded her of my Daddy when she met him and she was right.  He pampered me just like Daddy.
“Oh, I have a signal.  It is a sign.  The next exit will take us over to the road it is on, and it is only six minutes to the south.” 
“Let’s do it now.  We can still be home by seven o’clock easy.  I would like to see it too.”
Ok, maybe he is not pampering me as much as I think.  If it were an outlet mall, we would not be going.
It says they can handle handicapped, so maybe I can do it without too much trouble.  I will not mention that until we find out if it will be too much walking and we are already at the entrance anyway.
They have a museum, and it says they have a whole village, but I do not see the village, but ticket sales are at the museum.  Often, Steve goes in to check things out to see if I can physically manage but I want to see the museum anyway.  It is not very big at all.  Much to my surprise, they have golf carts to take us back into the mountains to the village.
Our tour guide is a young lady about the age of our children, about forty-ish and can tell she loves her job.  We are the only tourists, so we are getting a private tour.    She begins with the 1977 construction of a new interstate roadway for the Bland County, Virginia area.  The plans included straightening the winding Wolf Creek instead of building three bridges.  As the huge land movers removed the soil, residents remembered that there were tales of an Indian village had been discovered in the area.  They called in an archeologist who was familiar with the tales and found remnants of a village.  The team was given a permit to do a dig for a brief time, and move artifacts included graves and the remnants of the outer wall and huts.  Dating of the site appears in late 1500 to early 1600’s. 
              The outer wall is a spiral formation with an overlap of about six feet that forms a narrow walkway to enter the building.  At the opening is a small round structure that would only comfortable hold three men or women.  All villagers have an open voice within the tribe.  When a visitor approaches the village, they are only allowed to enter the small structure, and some elders question them to discern their purpose for a visit.  If satisfied with their answers, they can then enter the village.  Since the passage into the town is so narrow, I will have to walk the rest of the tour, but she reassured me that there would be plenty of places for me to sit if I got tired.  The first structure was the council house, and the village would have been home to approximately one hundred tribal members.  The exterior wall and the huts are constructed with vertical poles and then woven with limbs to form walls.  When the weather turned cold, the villagers would have covered them with clay to seal out the wind.  Each building had a fire pit that would contain about one foot of coals all year round.  I knew my people could have been in this area about one hundred and fifty years later, so I was curious if they could have at one time, been Powhattan.
              The next structure had thee graves outside the building and contain the bodies that they had found.  One was of the Shaman, who had been a woman.  They found her torso covered with necklaces of Cowrie shells that indicated that she would have been a coastal Indian, so that answered that question without my even speaking it out loud.  The shelters belonged to the women and were built in the style of her native tribe.  This village had been a multi-tribal society which is common for Woodland Indians.  Spouses were often a result of barters with neighboring tribes or women who had been won in battle.  Also, it was a customary practice to have a yearly pow-wow that covered hundreds of miles for finding mates for their young people and bring in fresh blood.  In this hut, hammocks were used for sleeping while the next hut had benches with furs for beds.
              At the end of our hour tour, we have only made it through two of the shelters.  The information about the peoples was so overwhelming that I must ask how she learned so much about these people. 
              “I know that I can speak to you openly as you have shared that your people lived not far from here. My family still lives in a village in the mountains.  My grandmother made and sold clay pots in Pennsylvania from the clay that I gathered for her in Wolf Creek.  She would fire them in the coals on the fire pit in her hut.  She is married to a white man, so my grandfather was white. He is now gone.  She was the Shaman, and it is passed down through woman to daughter.  When people ask me about things from long ago that I do not know, I ask Grand-uncle as he still lives in the village.  We still do everything like they did in this village.  We cook with gourds, the boys make their own bows and arrows, our tools are made from bones.  We buy nothing.  I attended college and live in town, but I go to the village all the time.  That is home.
              It is another three hours before we make our way back to the village. 
              “Did I tell you that most of my tribe has green eyes?”  She had not mentioned it, but she must have been aware that I would just stare at her gorgeous lime green eyes.
              I want to show you something.  I know I told you that we are a very small people.  I am extremely tall because of my white father. She pulls out her cell phone and thumbs through her pictures as any of my children would do.  She holds it out for me to see.
              “You look so much like my grandmother.”  I was looking at a diminutive woman with brown hair, and I could not help but think that I knew that smile.  I did not see the resemblance that she saw, but I saw my great grandmother. 
              If only Aunt Ruth had lived to hear this story.  She worked for years to try to find out what tribe Grandmother’s tribe for her mother.  I am not sure, but I can research it when we get home.
              I smile and go into the museum to see their displays.  Wow, one of the displays is about Mathias Harmon rescuing Jenny Wiley from the Indians.  I know that name, but this is a brother of a different Grandmother.  Now I am in a hurry to return home.

              I jump on my computer and Google Charles Skaggs…Wolf Creek, Virginia.  This was grandfather’s father—law. And the land records filled my screen.  Thompson Valley and Abbs Valley all on Wolf Creek.  These are the descendants of my mixed-race family.  They have finally revealed it all to me. My Grandfather Nathan Blevins, first wife, was Charles Skaggs's daughter.  His mother was Elizabeth Ward, daughter of Nathan Ward and Sareigh, an Indian.   A forty-five-year search has gone full circle. We are all reunited as one family. 

Friday, July 11, 2014

Update 7/11/2014

This past week one of my autosomal matches and I had a new discovery.  We knew we matched on Blevins but we also match on the Quaker Pughs.  I shared that I stop just short of trying to follow the Welsh patronymic naming patterns.

Some of the first few original Quaker immigrants chose to include or choose one of these names that became a Colonial surname.  For those that are not aware of these naming patterns, let me explain.

John Ap Hugh was Welsh Quaker.  The "ap" reads "the son of ", therefore John was the son of Hugh.  He could have had a brother Robert ap Hugh, Thomas ap Hugh and William ap Hugh.
Then they would name their sons Thomas ap Robert, Thomas at Thomas and Thomas ap William.  Get the picture?  All the sons carry their father's given name as their "surname".  This is, for me, a genealogical nightmare. Now my task for autosomal testing identification is to discover just how many of my relatives used this pattern and what the resulting Colonial surnames are.

All those Thomas's that I match for no apparent reason, if they trace back to Quakers, will have to be crossed checked to see this is a derivative of one of my original Quakers.

Much to my absolute delight, my atDNA cousin sent me this marvelous link.  I know the authors and this is a trusted resource and I am delighted to pass it on.

This page is an example of the naming practice and shows a lot of what you will find within the thousand of pages or original research and transcription.

Gwynedd Friends Meeting History Page
This is the doorway to the site. Completely searchable

Another great site is a Blog...

Wandering through the NC Piedmont

This site is full of original land maps of Orange Co NC with the names included.

This is not searchable (oh how I wish he would) but worth your time to just start at the beginning and make it a good book.  Be sure to copy what you find as getting back without search is not easy.
An example is that he lists all the Lost Lord Granville Land Grants.

Friday, June 27, 2014

Update 06/27/2014

My Blog this week is about research frustration. I think I am at an all time high this week. Having decided to come out of hiding, I revived the Blog, revived my Blevins-Va forum, dedicated myself to completing my work on the Native Americans and Quakers through to publication and to paint my garden swing. I know the swing is not about research but I am now in the second week of trying to paint this swing and it keeps raining. And it is raining on my research.

First, a lot of resources are being taken away by corporate that were “free” sites. I guess they finally figured out that a lot of paying subscribers are sharing the information that they find on with the rest of the family. I am guilty. And I know they have big resources and additional employees eating into their profits to provide these free services and they are now traded on NASDAQ. Goodbye free...

Since I worked with Microsoft in database admin, it was a given that to unwind these portions of their company, others would crash in the process, hence Rootsweb has been down. I know they have another spin to it, but as a result researchers all over have come to realize just how dependent they are on the mailing lists, forums and free trees as research tools. The cynic in me says it is just a matter of time till these are gone also. So I decided to be proactive and revive my website. It is in the works. But things are piling up as I attempt to find a simple solution to not becoming a spread to thin corporation myself.

Now the bright side is that since all the free stuff is down, I found that some of my research groups have become more active in communicating with each other and I am meeting a lot of new people who do not understand how to do autosomal research, so I think it is time to start from the beginning again.

This group started with an experiment to find out if a group of complete strangers could effectively break down some brick walls through atdna research and we did. The success came only to those who took the time to share their trees and talk to each other. They were not overwhelmed by the fact that they did not know the answer before they got there but were willing to trust the process. I am sure most of you have heard the phrase about a lost object, “Why is it always in the last place I looked?!” Because once you find it you quit looking.

This is the new genealogical place to look. But looking here is not traditional and requires a whole new mindset. But we already know that we do not know and we know that traditional methods have not found it for us, so you have to want it bad enough to look someplace new.

That is my second frustration this week with research. Having to explain this over and over again. This is not traditional research. This requires you to be a brave new explorer and combine all your skills to find your lost ancestors. The old hope is that someone has them hiding from you in their tree and they probably are but you don't know who they are so you don't recognize them anyway.

So here is the new process.
  1. Look at the big picture, the whole chart, not just one surname.
  2. Keep going as long as you are learning about people that you do not know about.
  3. Go with the flow
    Here is an example. I was researching one of the family groups in my Blevins line that I do not know how we connect except through some distant grandfather. I know it is worth my time because I already have a Blevins Spreadsheet and I match every Blevins that I can find that has ever has atdna testing done. So first step is to take a family line and using any and all services or friends, put everyone that you match in that spreadsheet. Do not get sidetracked by how you might match, just enter the DNA sequences into your spreadsheet, their email address and why and where you found them.
Once you have 6-10 people go though and mark the matching segments. You are now ready to do an analysis of your matches.
  • Are there segments shared by everybody?
  • Are there people who do not match anyone ?
  • Can you see subgroups that share 3 or more segments?
Copy your finding into new subgroup spreadsheets (copy/paste, very easy step)

Now email them and see if they have a tree or if they know if they are descended from the name you are researching.
I have had matches to people who have Blevins in their trees but it is an aunt or uncle. This can be good because you are looking at a subgroup or a family group that has shared a common locality. Don't discard these people as not useful. You will need them later. I have about 45 spreadsheets and when I do a search of their email on my computer in my “Raw Data Folder”, they now show up in multiple families so I know that the odds are building that there is a central location where our ancestors lived together.

Another frustration this week is in that I am becoming more aware that people are finding it hard to give up linear research methods. For the first time, I can do a search and find out if a theoretical grandmother could be correct. If a find 6-10 good matches, I go with the flow and find out all about these people. They match me and match each other, I go with the flow as they will eventually end up in one of my holes. But if there are no matches that do not match each other, that theory is probably all wet and I need to find a better use of my time.
  • Check out all theories for your “possible” lost generation
  • Make a spreadsheet on Grandma's parents
  • Do not forget to make spreadsheets on the surnames of the female siblings

This last one is very important. All of your grandparents, children and generations of grandchildren carry your DNA. I realized this quite significantly when my Johnson line research revealed that I was matching a lot of Newlins and Mendenhalls. I was able to find the line back but now I know why I match so many Quaker families. Thomas Mendenhall and Joan Strode had 11 children and my line is a grandmother Mary who married Nathaniel Newlin, all in the late 1600. The daughters alone added Martin, Spiers, Thomas, Maddox, Maris, Wright, Benson, Stubbs, Mooney, Pennell, Roberts, Taylor, Pearson, Beeson, Ruddick, Hill, Gillispie, Woodward, Holiday (so that now explains why there was a Holiday living in grandma's household when she was little), Metcalf, Bacon and Moon. I have seen these names in my Family Finder matches for the past year and a lot mean nothing to me and they may not know their Mendenhall connection if it is a female, so now we have something new to talk about.

My frustration with people not knowing how to do atdna caused me to be unkind yesterday and that is not the normal me. I know people do not know how to do this. It is almost the first thing in most responses that I get, “I don't know much about the autosomal thing.” I know that this person belongs to one of my lines. They have a double test of siblings so good material to work with and a Revolutionary War pension that puts their brickwall grandfather in the exact location of all my lines of that surname and their descendents. And they match every single person in the spreadsheet. Will they ever find a paper trail? I don't know but I know it is much more hopeful to know that I match everyone else from that location than to know that I only match one person. I know that there was only one son in this line so they could have daughtered out but that does not matter with atdna. If they would explore there matches with the daughter and the husbands are know and documented by legal records (what a gift) and they have 10 to 25 more matches and those matches match all of the original matches, they have an ancestral pool to draw from. Thorough elimination of the known descendents of the originals, which we have birth and marriage records for, we could very likely narrow it down to just a few men and possibly prove that this is the only option. When I started it was called “the only stud in the barn” proof. But I snapped. I don' t like to sound pompous and keep trying to prove that I know what I am doing, so I just snapped. But it is a new day and a new way. I need to keep in mind that most people have not even boarded the atdna train.

I liken it to the old lady that never learned to drive but wanted someone to drive them everywhere. I can't be the only driver and I am feeling like I am the only person doing spreadsheets, even after they have met me and see that they work. Is anyone even trying this? Am I wasting my time on this when I could just be working on my personal family?

Monday, June 16, 2014

Update 06/16/2014

I revived the Blevins_Va mailing list this week, so most of my time has been spent around Blevins.
We used two different techniques, unique chromosome match and the “who would you like to study” technique” which ended up being the same family.

We have two testers who match on the Chromosome #8, segment starting at 89,000,000, so I went through my spreadsheets and came up with nine matches. Here is the synopsis of some of the matches that we have identified.

Valentine Hollingsworth 1728 Kennett, Chester Pa Quaker Quaker died in
Orange Co., NC Cane Creek MM...married Elizabeth Harlan, daughter Aaron
Harlan and Sarah Heald>George Harlan/Elizabeth Duck

Daughter Dinah married Jesse Moody. (connects in to Leatherwood and Burns)

Jesse Moody>John Moody/Nancy Ann Jackson>Robert/Ann...

Nancy Ann Jackson>Robert Jackson/Francis Jarvis>Thomas Jackson/Ann
Mills>Ralph Jackson/Leah Neal. Though other research the
Leatherwood/Burns connect to the Group 5 Bollings who do have Blevins

All of Jesse Moody's descendents carry the Hollingsworth and Harlan DNA.

Moving to Harlan descendents, we find Steve, a long time
genealogy friend that we have finally solved how are families connect
through Autosomal DNA. We were so focused on my Stewarts that we missed
the obvious.

I have one Harlan/Buffington marriage which is Ruth Buffington daughter
of Richard Buffington and Ann Francis who married Ezekiel Harlan>George
Harlan/Elizabeth Duck

Steve descends from Abel Insco Pearson>Joseph Pearson>Benjamin
Pearson/Margaret Evens>Joseph Evans/Esther Buffington>Peter
Buffington/Hannah Waite>Richard Buffington/Phoebe Grubb>Richard
Buffington/Ann Francis

So the first shared grandparents in this group is George Harlan and
Elizabeth Duck.

Next to find out if our Nancy Buffington descendent is connected.

Nancy Buffington 1791 Abbeville SC Her parents are unknown and thought
to be Peter Buffington and Sarah Mooney. We have another Mooney, but the
above is Moody. From the looks of this group as it forms, this could be
accurate. That would be a breakthrough. They were part of the
Wrightsboro MM (Quaker for Monthly meeting if there are non Quakers
here), in Ga and the same general area as the Dunns.

Peter Buffington is the son of Peter Buffington/Hannah Waite so connects
fits with the history of Steve Pearson and myself. The Harlan line also
moved to South Carolina and becomes the Cherokee Harlans and Buffingtons.

No connect back to our Blevins except for the Bolling and possible
lifestyle possibility with Indian traders.

But I know that Steve has one more connection at least. His
Pearson line goes back to Edward Pearson and Sarah Burgess. Two more of
this group matches Burgess which connects to the Bolling 5 group also.

If you match any of these people, please let me know.

Friday, May 30, 2014

Update 05/30/2014

Last week I started constructing a Bolling Spreadsheet. I had a total of 20 testers found from a Gedmatch gedcom search. After completing the segment analysis, the chromosome that occurred the most in this group was chromosome #7 starting at 86,000,000.

I have seen this segment a lot in the past nine months so I decided to go through all my spreadsheets to see what other families it occurred in.

Next step was to go through all of my spreadsheets to see if it occurs in other families. They include Bean, Blevins, Buffington, Bunch, Hollingsworth, Jackson, McClure, Bushyhead, Harlan, Little, Mooney, Moody, Tarpley, Cottrell, Matthews, Kingfisher, Dunn, McCarty, Pace, Pugh, Sizemore, Stewart, Troxell, Vaughn/Vaughan and Wells. That is 25 out of 44 spreadsheets and when I combine that with the Bolling spreadsheets that is a grand total of 28 out of 44, over 50%.

Some of the testers were in multiple spreadsheets and I stumbled on a nice new search for Window8 but it may work on other versions or Mac. Using the file manager, I just searched for the email address of the tester in my “Genealogy Folder” and they were found in each and every spreadsheet and some were in up to five different families. This does not mean that they are absolutely direct line descendents because I do not verify that until I am working on a special project like this.

Next step was to add back in to this new Chromosome 7 spreadsheet all of the X chromosome matches that carry the Chromosome 7...86,000,000 series. This added an additional nine testers. My goal is to find exactly which surnames these descendents that share a grandmother may fall. Already up to 30 testers to analysis, I decide to divide down to smaller groups of focus. Because they are color coded it is not too difficult to see which numbers are occurring the most often. I chose the Chromosome 1... 40,000,000 series resulting in a group of 16 tester that represent McClure, Blevins, Pace, Bunch, Troxell, Speer, Sizemore, Moody, Harlan and two Bollings, a Pocahontas descendent and one that has a Blevins grandmother that I match on the X chromosome. I have not added the Bolling back in at this point.

From what I already know from my family history is that Blevins, Bean, Bunch, Troxell, Sizemore and Bolling is definite family grouping. I also know that McClure, Speer and Harlan all belong together. That leaves me with Moody and Pace not sure where they will fit in. I now take this group and see if they do divide into these groups. I found that there was not one individual segment that they consistently shared other than the two that were already defined across the board for all three groups. So I regrouped my analysis and found that there were two distinct Chromosome 1...segment 40, 000.000 testers. One group starts with 44,000,000 while the other starts with 48,000,000. I had three that matched with the 48,000,000 group but originated in the 50,000,000 range as the 48,000,000 ended in the 53,000,000s. I made them a third group.

In this grouping the families that match are McClure, Sizemore, Moody, Pace and Harlan. Sizemore and Harlan have known Native American lines while the McClure and Moody lines are married into so there would be a possibility of a very early shared grandparents. As for Pace, I am not sure of any know Native American Heritage but it is an original Jamestown family with strong alliances with the Native Americans. This was discovered in the early days of the Blog with our original matches, so search on Pace for more on this family history including links to some wonderful history. The second group includes the Blevins, Bean, Bunch Troxell and gained Pace in this group. Those that moved out was one specific Blevins, Speer and the Bolling/Pocahontas matches. Three out of the four of these match on Chromosome 1 segment 97,000,000 series and a different three match on Chromosome 8 15,000,000 a very prolific Bolling segment.

Gedmatch has been down again and I need to confirm the family relationships before I can go much further. Dental surgery and pain killers in my future and since I have been known to crash a computer under these conditions, I hopefully will be back in the saddle in time for next week.

Friday, May 23, 2014

Update 05/23/2014

This past week has been one of those weeks that everywhere I turned, I ended up someplace totally different. I finally gave up and just went where the names led me and into the nightmare called “Bolling”. This family has been so very thoroughly researched that even they have just decided that to not agree. So what would autosomal bring.

We all know people who just love to have someone important as an ancestor and you probably can't get anyone more popular than Pocahantas. Lots of facts about her and she only had one son, so how did they end up with “Red”, “White” and “Blue” Bolings. Here is a site that explains it better than I can.

YDNA has shown that they do not all have the same YDNA but that does not mean that they may not be related. All families have their little “oops” and new YDNA Haplos are established within one family. So I no longer give it a lot of weight. If it becomes important, I deal with at that time.

But this became more of a project in “how” to do something rather in the results. The results are still a work in progress.

I began by doing a Gedmatch for Pocahontas, Rolfe and Boling and put them all in one spread sheet. Then I started matching the chromosome segments. Matches were all over the place but certain segments began to stand out. I began to wonder if there were some chromosome segments that occurred in all the testers. There were 14 segments that they all shared, so my thoughts were that these were “Bollling” markers. So I eliminated them. I realized I was looking for the women to divide them into families.

Next, I tested each of them to see if they matched me on my X chromosome. I was down to fourteen entries and I only have Bollings by marriage that I know of and I have no history on any of these fourteen people. Now I can divide them into smaller groups and see if their personal research matches each other. I will keep an open mind that some of this is already controversial. Six of the fourteen all match on Chromosome 8 so I started with them.

I had their Gedcom Ids, so I went to Gedmatch and using the Match 2 Gedcoms I began the comparisons. When you have a match, there is an icon that looks like a football goal with arrows in the middle. Click on it and it gives you the direct line back to the match. This is really helpful. There are issues such as if it is verifiable or copied off the internet but that can be addressed once you know you want to follow up on them. It does not give wives etc with this tool but I go back for that one I know I really want to to do more with this line. But I had one gal, who just kept coming up as having all these people in her gedcom but there were not her direct ancestor. It was just puzzling. I pulled on up and they shared Sizemores, Boling and a lot of odd names that I knew. What is going on?

I looked at her name and she was a Johnson. Could it be my Grandma, Emma Belle Johnson Wenrick's Johnsons? I have a big brick wall with them. So off I go.

I actually got back two more generation and found out I am a Mendenhall!

So...I am putting the call out. Anybody out there with Mendenhalls?

I decided to try this new method on my Blevins. I began a spreadsheet of all Blevins that I match on my X Chromosome for a result of ten testers. Only four had gedcoms posted on line so I have to verify their earliest known Blevins before any further matches can be made.   

Friday, May 16, 2014

Update – 05/16/2014

I hope others will not get too tired hearing about the Blevins but that is one of my core families that I research and they really are not a boring history. We know that we a YDNA match to the Blevins in New England. There are others have researched these New England families but I am personally too stubborn to skip generations so I am starting in Maryland. Just one of my many quirks, but we are close to opening that door which leads to more Indians and Salem Witch Trials.

Our earliest official presence is 1733 Maryland is with the Cox, Walling and Wells families. By 1737, they are all moving to Goochland Va. Considering last weeks, new genealogical findings and DNA studies we finally made it back to the “legendary Ann Bunch”. She has always been one of the options presented as a wife of William Blevins born about 1695 and possibly the guy who left New England but there is not a William listed with Elisha Walling in MD. But what we do have is in Md is “they had no tobacco burnt” was important and John Bunch raised tobacco. Is this how the families met? Does anyone know more about the courts of Maryland the burning of tobacco? Let me know and I will share it or simply put it in the comments.

On, if you search in the Card Catalog for “Pioneers of Old Monacy” you will find the 1733 tax list”: Daniel and James Blavin, Brewer, Peter, John Cox, John Davis, John Dobbins/Sr, John Dobbins, Jr, John and Thomas Dowthit, Redmond Falling, James and John Harland, Charles, Joshua, and Solomon Hedges, John Hugh, John Jackson, Humbertson Lyon, Chidley, James and George Matthews, George, John and William Moore, John Roberts, William Shephard Jr., James and William Spurgeon, Richard Story, Van Swearington, Flower Swift, Elisha, James, William Walling, James Right ( White). This is not a complete list and if you cannot access, we would be glad to do a look up for you.

If you love Revolutionary War history, Flower Swift Militia is a must to check this out if you have western Virginia families. Fantastic militia lists.

Pioneers of Old Monacy also has a chapter on the Quakers with maps of the various settlements.
Ballengers, Wrights, Mendenhall, Matthews, Plummer, Davis, Farquhar... Brown, Kirk, England, Churchman, visitors, Belt, Clagget, Darnell, Richardson, Thompson, Richard Davis who sported 4 wives and 22 children, George Williams and John Beals, Alexander Ross and Morgan Bryan who secured a 100,000 grant that becomes Augusta Va and then they settle in Rowan Co North Carolina. Morgan Bryan is one of my Grandfather but is better known as Daniel Boone’s father in law.

As these groups move inland into Virginia, many begin their family careers as Hunters and Traders and produce most of the Long-hunters and Indian Traders that moved throughout the entire south east. There contacts that they had made in their early coastal towns supplied them with the network that allowed them to bring their good or if farmers their crops to the coast to be sold in England.

Please let us know if you connect to any of these families or places. You can email me or add it in the comment section below.